Isopropyl alcohol is a colorless, flammable organic compound with a strong alcoholic odor. As an isopropyl group linked to a hydroxyl group, it is the simplest example of a secondary alcohol, where the alcohol carbon atom is attached to two other carbon atoms.
2-Propanol Isopropanol Rubbing alcohol sec-Propyl alcohol 2-Hydroxypropane i-PrOH Dimethyl carbinol IPA
0.786 g/cm3 (20 °C)
−89 °C (−128 °F; 184 K)
82.6 °C (180.7 °F; 355.8 K)
Solubility in Water
Miscible with water
33 mmHg @ 20°C; 75 mmHg @ 34°C
Open cup: 11.7 °C (53.1 °F; 284.8 K) Closed cup: 13 °C (55 °F)
2.86 cP at 15 °C 1.96 cP at 25 °C 1.77 cP at 30 °C
Pungent alcoholic odor
Flammable, mildly toxic
It is used in the manufacture of a wide variety of industrial and household chemicals and is a common ingredient in products such as antiseptics, disinfectants, hand sanitizer and detergents.
Isopropyl Alcohol (IPA) demand stood at 2.98 Million Tonnes in 2020 and is forecast to reach 5.19 Million Tonnes by 2030, growing at a healthy CAGR of 6.02% until 2030.
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